SSC CGL Exam Pattern & Syllabus


SSC CGL Exam Pattern 2022
SSC CGL Syllabus 2022


SSC CGL Exam Pattern 

The SSC CGL comprises four stages during their recruitment process, which the candidates need to clear in order to make it through the selection process. The 4 stages are:

Stage 1: (Computer Based Exam)

Stage 2: Tier-II (Computer Based Exam)

Stage 3: (Descriptive Exam)

Stage 4: Data Entry Skill Test/Computer Proficiency Test/DV.



Particulars SSC CGL Exam Pattern
Number of tiers 4
Mode Of SSC CGL Exam Tier-I & Tier-II: Online Mode

Tier-III: Offline Mode

Tier-IV: Computer proficiency test/skill test/document verification

Total Sections/papers Tier 1- 4 Sections

General Intelligence & Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude, English Comprehension

Tier-II: 4 Papers

Paper I- Quantitative Abilities, Paper-II English Language and Comprehension, Paper-III Statistics, and Paper-IV General Studies

Tier-III: 1 Paper

(Descriptive Paper in Hindi or English)

Essay Writing, Letter, application, etc.

Total Time Duration of Exam Tier-I: 60 minutes

Tier-II: 120 minutes for each paper

Tier-III: 60 minutes

Total Questions Tier-I: 100 questions

Tier-II: 500 question

Tier-III: 1 question

Question Type Tier-I & Tier-II: MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions)

Tier-III: Descriptive

Total Marks Tier-I: 200 marks

Tier-II: 800 marks

Tier-III: 100 marks

Language of Paper Tier-I, Tier-II, Tier-III- Bilingual (English and Hindi)


SSC CGL Syllabus Tier I

The first stage of SSC CGL Recruitment Exam is the Tier I. It will have an Online mode of examination and questions will be of objective type. The Sections under the SSC CGL Tier I are mentioned in the Table below. There are 4 sections in SSC CGL –

  1. General Intelligence And Reasoning
  2. General Awareness
  3. Quantitative Aptitude
  4. English Language And Comprehension


SSC CGL General Intelligence And Reasoning Syllabus for Tier I
General Intelligence and Reasoning – CGL Tier 1 Syllabus
Word Building Decision making Non-verbal series Logical Reasoning Semantic Classification Venn Diagrams
Order and word formation
Coding & de-coding Visual memory Alphabet Reasoning Similarities and differences Number Classification Drawing inferences
Cubes and Dice
Number Series Cause & Effect Statement conclusion Seating Arrangement Figural Classification Statement & Argument
Blood Relations
Symbolic Operations Direction & Distance Syllogism reasoning Data Sufficiency Semantic Series Figural Pattern- folding and completion
Embedded Figures
Calendar Relationship concepts Semantic Analogy Problem-solving Venn Diagrams Counting Figures
Critical thinking
Space Orientation Arithmetical reasoning and figural classification Analogy Decision Making Figural Series Order & Ranking
Emotional Intelligence
Space Visualization Inequality Figural Analogy Judgment Problem Solving Date & city matching
Social Intelligence


SSC CGL General Awareness Syllabus
  • Sports
  • History (Ancient, Medieval and Modern)
  • Culture
  • Geography
  • Economic Scene
  • General Polity
  • Indian Constitution
  • Scientific Research
History Geography Economy Biology
Ancient History (Harappan Civilization Vedic Culture,) Medieval History and Modern History (British Rule and Gandhian Era) India and Neighboring Countries, Solar System, Famous Sea Port, Rivers, Important Institution. Budget Related Terms, Laws Of Demand Supply, Inflation, Sectors Of Economy, International Organization Plant Kingdom, Animal Kingdom. Human Body and Diseases, Environmental Studies
Polity Physics Computers Chemistry
Indian Constitutions, Duties and Facts Related To President , Chief Minister, Prime Minister, CAG, Panchayati Raj System, Indian Parliament. SI Unit, Light and Reflection, Electricity, Wave Optics, Motion Basic Facts About Computers, Recent Developments in Technology Properties Of Substances, Chemical Reactions, Properties Of Gases, Chemistry In Day To Day Life.


SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus
Quantitative Aptitude – CGL Tier I Syllabus
Standard Identities Sphere Tangents Time and distance Square roots
Computation of whole numbers
Complementary angles Hemispheres Quadrilaterals Time & Work Averages Decimals
Heights and Distances Rectangular Parallelopiped Regular Polygons Elementary surds Interest
Fractions and relationships between numbers
Histogram Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base Right Prism Graphs of Linear Equations Profit and Loss Percentage
Frequency polygon Trigonometric ratio Right Circular Cone Triangle Discount
Ratio & Proportion
Bar diagram & Pie chart Degree and Radian Measures Right Circular Cylinder Circle and its chords Partnership Business
Mixture and Alligation


SSC CGL English Syllabus

Candidates’ ability to understand correct English, their basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. would be tested.(The questions in the components A,B & D will be of a level commensurate with the Essential Qualification prescribed for the post viz; graduation).


SSC CGL Tier-2 Syllabus

The second stage of SSC CGL Exam is the Tier II Level. It will also have an Online mode of examination same like Tier I and the questions asked will be of objective type. The Sections under the SSC CGL Tier II are mentioned in the Table below. There are 4 papers in SSC CGL Tier II-

  1. Quantitative Aptitude
  2. English Language & Comprehension
  3. Statistics (for Junior Statistics Officer)
  4. Finance & Economics (For AAO)

Also there are 2 parts in the Paper 4 of Tier II Syllabus.

  • Basics of Accounting
  • Economics & Governance
CGL Tier II Syllabus Paper 1 – Quantitative Aptitude

The Arithmetic ability consists of topics similar to the quantitative aptitude of the Tier I level. Though the level of questions asked in SSC CGL tier 2 will be higher than tier I. The topics to be asked in this section includes:

Quantitative Aptitude – Tier II Syllabus
Frequency polygon Sphere Time and distance Tangents Fractions and relationships between numbers Quadrilaterals
Bar diagram & Pie chart Hemispheres Time & Work Interest Percentage
Regular Polygons
Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base Rectangular Parallelepiped Elementary surds Profit and Loss Ratio & Proportion Square roots
Trigonometric ratio Complementary angles Right Prism Discount Graphs of Linear Equations Averages
Degree and Radian Measures Heights and Distances Right Circular Cone Partnership Business Triangle
Computation of whole numbers
Standard Identities Histogram Right Circular Cylinder Mixture and Alligation Circle and its chords Decimals


CGL Tier II Syllabus Paper 2 – English Language & Comprehension

Questions in this components will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of English Language and will be based on error recognition, fill in the blanks (using verbs, preposition, articles etc), Vocabulary, Spellings, Grammar, Sentence Structure, Synonyms, Antonyms, Sentence Completion, Phrases and Idiomatic use of Words, etc. There will be a question on passages and comprehension of passages also. (The standard of the questions will be of 10+2 level).

English Language and Comprehension – Tier II
Active/ passive voice of verbs Spelling/ detecting misspelled words Spot the error
Conversion into direct/ indirect narration Idioms & phrases
Fill in the blanks
Shuffling of sentence parts One-word substitution Synonyms
Shuffling of sentences in a passage Improvement of sentences Antonyms
Cloze passage Sentence Structure
Comprehension passage



CGL Tier II Syllabus Paper 3 – Statistics (Junior Statistical Officer)

Subject Topics
Collection, Classification, and Presentation of Statistical Data
  • Primary and Secondary data
  • Methods of data collection
  • Tabulation of data
  • Graphs and charts
  • Frequency distributions
  • Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions
Measures of Central Tendency
  • Mean
  • Median
  • Mode
  • Partition values- quartiles,
    deciles, percentiles.
Measures of Dispersion
  • Range
  • Quartile deviations
  • Mean deviation and standard deviation
  • Measures of relative dispersion
Moments, Skewness and Kurtosi
  • Different types of moments
    and their relationship
  • Meaning of skewness and kurtosis
  • Different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
Correlation and Regression
  • Scatter diagram
  • Simple correlation coefficient
  • Simple regression lines
  • Spearman’s rank correlation
  • Measures of association of attributes
  • Multiple regression
  • Multiple and partial correlation
Probability Theory
  • Meaning of probability
  • Different definitions of probability
  • Conditional probability
  • Compound probability
  • Independent events
  • Bayes’ theorem.
Random Variable and Probability Distributions
  • Random variable
  • Probability functions
  • Expectation and Variance of a random variable
  • Higher moments of a random variable
  • Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions
  • Joint distribution of two random variables (discrete).
Sampling Theory
  • Concept of population and sample
  • Parameter
    and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors
  • Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling)
  • Sampling distribution(statement only);
  • Sample size decisions.
Statistical Inference
  • Point estimation and interval estimation
  • Properties of a good estimator
  • Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method)
  • Testing of hypothesis
  • Basic concept of testing
  • Small sample and large sample tests
  • Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic,
    Confidence intervals
Analysis of Variance
  • Analysis of one-way classified data and two way classified data
Time Series Analysis
  • Components of time series
  • Determinations of trend component by different methods
  • Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
Index Numbers
  • Meaning of Index Numbers
  • Problems in the construction of index numbers
  • Types of index number
  • Different formulae
  • Base shifting and splicing of index numbers
  • Cost of living Index Numbers
  • Uses of Index Numbers


CGL Tier II Syllabus Paper 4: General Studies-Finance and Economics (Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer)
Part A: Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting – (80 Marks)
  • Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
  • Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation
    Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting,
    Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organizations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers


Part B: Economics and Governance – (120 marks)
  • Comptroller & Auditor General of India – Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility
  • Finance Commission – Role and functions
  • Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Microeconomics – Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve
  • Theory of Demand and Supply – Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behavior
  • Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
  • Theory of Production and cost – Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
  • Forms of Market and price determination in different markets – Various forms of markets – Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets
  • Indian Economy – 
    • Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth;
    • National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
    • Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
    • Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
    • Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.
  • Economic Reforms in India – Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalization and Disinvestment.
  • Money and Banking – 
    • Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.
    • Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
    • Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003

SSC CGL Tier III Syllabus

The SSC CGL Syllabus Tier III consists of a descriptive Paper which includes Letter Writing and Application Writing. Letter writing includes both formal letter (letter to the editor, letter to the municipality, etc.) and informal letter (letter to a friend, etc.)

Topics Marks Allotted Time Allotted
Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi (Writing of Essay, Precis, Letter, Application etc.) 100 marks 1 hour or 60 minutes
SSC CGL Tier IV Syllabus

SSC CGL Tier 4 consists of Document Verification and Data Entry Skill Test (DEST)/ Computer Proficiency Test (CPT)

SSC CGL Tier 4 Test Details Nature Post Exemptions
Data Entry Skill Test 8,000 (eight thousand) Key Depression per hour on Computer.
Skill Test will be conducted for a passage of about 2000 (two thousand) key depressions for a duration of 15 (fifteen) minutes
Qualifying Tax Assistant (CBIC/CBDT) OH candidates

PWD candidates who are eligible for scribes will be allowed additional compensatory time of 5 (five) minutes

Computer Proficiency Test
  • Word Processing Capabilities
  • Spread Sheet Tasks
  • Generation of Slides in Power point.
  • Assistant Section Officer (Central Secretariat Service, Ministry of External Affairs, AFHQ,)
  • Assistant (Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, (GSI) in the Ministry of Mines)
  • Inspector (Central Excise), Inspector (Preventive Officer) & Inspector (Examiner) in CBIC.
PWD candidates who are eligible for scribes will be allowed additional compensatory time of 5 (five) m


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